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Vanda orchid

Vanda orchid



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Vanda orchid

Orchids are monocots belonging to the Orchideaceae family. Their flower is among the most particular on earth as it must resemble the pollinating insect characteristic of that species in shape. Many times the most representative petal in this sense is precisely the labellum, which many times also reproduces the colors of insects. Of course, there are several species of orchids, each of which is known for its characteristic flower. For example, the Orchid belonging to the Vanda genus contains about eight thousand different species. In particular, speaking of the Vanda orchid in general, it can be said that it is a typical plant of China, Indonesia, the Malay Archipelago, India and Australia. Its name in Indian means "plant appreciated for its shape, color as well as fragrance". Usually this is a plant that likes to be grown in baskets suspended in the air without excessive contact with the soil. Its roots are large enough and unbranched. The leaves can be of different shape and size depending on the species. We essentially remember three types of leaves: ribbon, cylindrical and intermediate. This plant grows well throughout the year and adapts well to crosses between different species.


Environment and exposure

All plants belonging to the Vanda genus need to live well in fairly high temperatures and a very humid environment. In fact, we could say that these plants do not have to live in an environment where it drops below 12/14 ° C in winter and survive well in summer temperatures of 30 ° C. Of course, if kept in these temperature conditions, the plant will grow well throughout the year. As expected, in order to survive in such hot environments, these plants also need a sufficiently high ventilation to prevent the leaves from dying. This plant loves sunlight, but its behavior towards the latter varies according to the shape of its leaves. In fact, the Vanda with ribbon-like leaves bears direct sunlight only in the morning, when the radiation is still normal, vice versa, the Vanda with cylindrical leaves can be exposed to light radiation throughout the day.


Ground

Vanda is a plant that does not like contact with the ground. Although most of the times it is cultivated as a pot plant, it is an Epiphyte, in the sense that it lives well on a fixed support such as a piece of trunk or a suspended basket. So rather than talking about soil it is a good idea to talk about substrate which will be made mainly from a particular type of moss perhaps mixed with polystyrene which makes everything lighter and facilitates drainage, or cork.


Planting and repotting

The Vanda usually does not need to be repotted, as it is a plant based on a central stem that grows permanently with respect to the lateral branches. Repotting should only be done when the support is rotten or broken. To prevent the roots from undergoing stress during repotting, it is necessary to wet them first with warm water and then proceed with the operation. It must be remembered that the roots must have a large space available to be able to breathe. The ideal period for this operation is always spring. After repotting, it is a good idea to keep them in the shade for a week.


Watering

Considering that the Vanda needs quite high temperatures, watering must be frequent and constant. In summer they must be daily. Furthermore, it must be remembered that this plant needs a humidity of around 80%, so it must be sprayed with water at room temperature.


Fertilization

Al Vanda should be fertilized at least once a week especially in the period of greatest growth. It should be known, however, that the fertilizers to be used must not have large concentrations of nitrogen, they must be perfectly balanced, especially during the flowering period when large quantities of this element could damage the wonderful flowers. Fertilization must be done with a humid substrate.


Orchid roots

The roots of the Vanda orchid are simply similar to many others of this genus of indoor furnishing plants, that is, very delicate to handle and to treat immediately in case of injuries.


Reproduction orchids

Vanda produces many lateral shoots which, after a certain period of time, when they begin to develop small roots, can be transported to a new support to give birth to a new seedling.


Flowering

Vanda flourishes when kept in the right conditions. Throughout the year even 3 or 4 times. The inflorescence to which it gives life is in the shape of a spike to which as many as 12 flowers are linked which can remain alive for several weeks. The flower has identical sepals and petals, the only thing that changes is the lip which can have different shapes depending on the species.


Disease and parasites

Usually these plants are not attacked by particular forms of parasites or diseases. Instead, it may happen that wrong watering can cause the leaves to rot and cause serious damage to the plant.




Video: PAANO MAGPABULAKLAK NG VANDA ORCHIDS